Parameters For Regulating Electronic Commerce

Regular contractual principles, especially those pertaining to distance sales, may also be applicable to electronic commerce, albeit with some modifications. However, in this regard it immediately becomes relevant to draw some distinctions between whether the product or service is to be delivered via traditional means or whether it may in fact be delivered electronically, and whether the goods or services in question are intended for commercial or private consumption.

It is our basic understanding that the emergence and rapid development of many products that may be consumed or delivered on line are going to blur the distinction between products and services. Furthermore, it is our assumption that due to the often anonymous circumstances associated with electronic commerce, where the seller and buyer often do not know one another, and where the seller has little opportunity to inquire as to the buyer’s intended use of the products or services purchased, that electronic commerce is bound to blur the traditional distinction between commercial and noncommercial sales.

Accordingly, it seems logic to commence a survey of regulation of electronic commerce with a brief examination of relevant statutes and other provisions that may be of direct or indirect relevance to electronic commerce. Secondly, it is natural to examine the legal provisions that have been specifically tailored to regulate electronic commerce. Finally, it is logical to examine and attempt to evaluate to what extent electronic commerce may exercise influence upon the contractual laws that have been developed to regulate commercial transactions conducted via traditional, i.e. non-electronic, means.

In order to examine the applicability of traditional commercial laws to electronic commerce, we identified a number of contractual elements that typically will be the major concern of the parties. Such elements include: identification of the purchaser and the seller in regard to their legal status, place or places of business, affiliation within corporate structures, solvency etc.; whether or not the seller is in fact legally entitled to sell, and the purchaser legally entitled to buy, the products or services in question – this issue is particularly relevant with respect to intellectual property rights, where trademark or copyright infringements may interfere with the purchaser’s intended usage, and with respect to products or services that are subject to content control or similar restrictions; the formality requirements pertaining to presentation of offers, counteroffers, acceptances, declination of offers etc. in order to determine whether and when a contract has in fact been entered into; the stipulated terms for the contract as pertaining to the amount and quality of products or services, the time and place of delivery, the purchase sum and time and method of payment etc.; conditions for remedying defective or insufficient products including warranties and the right for the purchaser to return any damage goods; handling of sensitive data generated in connection with the transaction.

Other issues such as marketing practices and the use of information gathered via other means than as part of a specific transaction raise separate problems concerning privacy and security; issues which we have dealt with separately in subsequent sections of our survey.

Furthermore, the ability to conduct transactions electronically are contingent upon availability of certain types of infrastructure, terminal equipment and the like plus a regulatory environment which is permissive to the conduct of such activities, i.e. issues of a broader regulatory nature, which we have examined in the previous sections of our survey as well as in other surveys concerning development of the Global Information Society and the Global Information Infrastructure and development of the international telecommunications industry at large.

Finally, it should be noted that electronic commerce constitutes but one of several types of activities that may be conducted electronically and that are considered to be important elements of the emerging Global Information Society/Global Information Infrastructure. Many of the problems and opportunities associated with such activities are the same, more or less, regardless of whether a given activity is transactional in nature, i.e. whether it involves the exchange of goods or services in return for payments or other types of remuneration. Accordingly, we have every reason to believe that the regulatory environment being developed in an attempt to create an orderly environment for electronic commerce may significantly influence the overall environment for other types of online activities as well.

Special opportunities and problems are associated with the so-called “virtual middlemen,” who provide value-added services to businesses and consumers. Services may include brokering, search, referrals, and one-stop catalog shopping; all services that put such providers in a key position in the electronic marketplace.

Electronic commerce plays a role even in sectors where delivery needs to be carried out via traditional means, because order fulfillment and distribution as well as product design and other activities may be outsourced or coordinated electronically, thus leading to greater efficiency and lowered costs.
In addition to the virtual middlemen, a number of different financial services and service providers have arisen who specialize in electronic payments, financial insurance etc.

The EU Commission has pointed out the need to coordinate any initiatives on electronic commerce with WTO commitments, c.f. the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and the Annex on Basic Telecommunication Services. Furthermore, the EU has pointed out that electronic commerce represents a number of separate trade issues that must be resolved within the WTO, in the New Trans-Atlantic agenda, the Global Business Dialogue, the Information Society Dialogue, or other appropriate fora.

What Is Electronic Commerce?

Electronic commerce or ecommerce is any kind of business transaction that is done over the internet that involves transferring information and goods. It covers a whole array of businesses from basic retail stores to highly specialized shops in music or for animals. It is one of the most important characteristics of the internet, and is highly useful in the world of business and marketing.

By utilizing ecommerce, you can transfer money or goods without time barriers and this is very convenient in this fast paced world that we live in. Ecommerce has expanded very rapidly over the last few years and doesn’t show any sign of letting up. It is expected for the differences between conventional and electronic barriers to become more blurred as ecommerce progresses as a form of transfer of funds and goods.
Business to business ecommerce is a bit different. It refers to electronic transfers between businesses as opposed to between a business and a consumer. There are many advantages to carrying out transfers electronically rather than traditional methods. Ecommerce has also led to more people doing business online and setting up electronic market places to do business.

If you are not aware of the basic principles of ecommerce setting up an online store can prove to be very challenging. You must thoroughly research the principles of ecommerce before opening up an online store. This is crucial to your overall ecommerce success. There are some things you will need to have before setting up an online market. First of all you will need shopping cart software. A shopping cart is software that allows your customers to purchase goods through your online store.

Also before starting your online business, it is wise to find a niche that is in demand. You will want to find a product that customers have trouble finding anywhere else such as in malls or department stores. You will also need to be sure that your website is ecommerce enabled. Another important factor is to consider shipping and the cost of shipping. All of these aspects play an important role in your success.

Lastly, you will need a way in which to receive payment online. For this you will need an online merchant account. If you take these steps in setting up your online ecommerce business you will have a greater chance at success for your company. If you do the proper research and learn the principles behind ecommerce you will have a flourishing online business in no time at all.

How to Develop a Practical SEM Program for Business-To-Consumer Electronic Commerce

The effect of foreign trade network marketing is more depended on the implementation of the SEM program, which is the key to the success of network marketing. When charring out the work of SEM for foreign trade, a good way to develop a practical SEM program is very important.

1. Analyze the competitors comprehensively

Know the enemy and know yourself, and you can fight a hundred battles with no danger of defeat. Before the implementation of the program, you should have a comprehensive understanding of yourself and your competitors. What is your own business’s strongpoint? Where we are not as good as competitors? What did competitors do? What are they doing now? What do they want to do in the next step?

2. List the potential customer group.

It should be able to analyze and conclude the customer consumption groups

3. Understand the purpose at every stage.

1) IP visit capacity and PV Page views of each day
2) The quantity of the search engines
3) The completion status of external links at each stage.
4) The rank of Web site and PR value
5) The number of key words and the search engine rankings
6) The number of the new customers gets from this program.
7) How is the brand image?

4. Select the ways of network implementation and strategies.

Based on the analysis of collected materials, We confirm the network promotion ways and strategies and detailed list which way will be used, such as the implementation of the search engines, blog, bulk mail marketing, MSN group communication, communities forum, advertorials, activities, network advertising, etc. It should can detailed analyze the effect and result of each way.

5. SEM program can develop the evaluation and monitoring

By using the third-party IP statistical tools, it can stop monitoring and tracking so as to help enterprises to adjust the implementation strategy through the data source and click, etc. It can find out whether the design of webpage is reasonable and the speed of opening web pages is quick or slow.

6. SEM program prepares for the plan of network promotion.

Market will not always be the same. When the program can not keep up with changes, the plan can not be fulfilled according to the original one. If you prepare for the risk, you can avoid running around in circles when the market changes. If you can follow the above ways, I believe that you can develop Practical SEM Program for B2C Electronic Commerce Company.